SYROS INFORMATION

Syros lies in the center of the island complex of Cyclades. Its name comes from the Phoenician ‘Ussira’ or ‘Ussura’ ,which means happy.Syros lies in the center of the island complex of Cyclades.

Its name comes from the Phoenician ‘Ussira’ or ‘Ussura’ ,which means happy.Its area is 86 sq.km. and its length reaches 22.5 km. It is generally hilly, with the exception of few valleys.

The highest mountain is ‘Pirgos’ with an altitude of 442 meters. The natural harbors that are formed in Syros are those of Ermoupoli in the East and Foinika in the West. Smaller bays are Gallisas, Bari, Kini, Dolphin, and Grammata.Syros island has been inhabited since the Neolithic times. It was one of the centers of Cycladic culture (Chalandriani). In the 6th century BC the philosopher Ferekidis lived on the island.

It is said that he lived in two caves, one in ‘Plati Vouni’ , also known as Ferekidi’s cave, and the other in the spot ‘Alithini’. In the 13th century it was conquered by the Venetians. At that time the medieval city was built. During the Turkish occupation, it was ruled with great privilege. During the revolution of 1821, it was under French protection, resulting in a safe shelter for the prosecuted.

Till the beginning of the 20th century, Syros experienced great commercial and cultural growth. In 1922, with the Micrasiatic disaster, refugees settled there.